Walking substantially enhanced creativity by two different measures. For the three alternate uses studies, 81%, 88%, and 100% of participants were more creative walking than sitting. For the BSE (creativity score), 100% of those who walked outside generated at least one novel high-quality analogy compared with 50% of those seated inside. Walking worked indoors on a treadmill and outdoors at a bustling university.
Balder Onarheim and Morten Friis-Olivarius
This article investigates how neuroscience in general, and neuroscience of creativity in particular, can be used in teaching “applied creativity” and the usefulness of this approach to creativity training. The article is based on empirical data and our experiences from the Applied NeuroCreativity (ANC) program, taught at business schools in Denmark and Canada.
Authors: Ding, X., Tang, Y.-Y., Tang, R., & Posner, M. I.
One form of meditation intervention, the integrative body-mind training (IBMT) has been shown to improve attention, reduce stress and change self-reports of mood. In this paper we examine whether short-term IBMT can improve performance related to creativity and determine the role that mood may play in such improvement.
Authors: Claire M. Zedelius and Jonathan W. Schooler
Based on mixed results linking both mindfulness and its opposing construct mind wandering to enhanced creativity, we predicted that the relationship between mindfulness and creativity might depend on whether creative problems are approached through analytic strategy or through “insight” (i.e., sudden awareness of a solution).
Author: Andrew P. Allen, Lynda Loughnane
What is the relationship between the creative process and cognition and perception? Lynda Loughnane, a master’s student in Art and Process in Crawford College of Art and Design, Cork, Ireland interviewed Dr. Andrew P. Allen about the subject. Areas covered include mindfulness, Type 1 and Type 2 thinking, stage theories of creativity, engagement with the art process and the artwork, phenomenology and consciousness with and without self report. The interview was constructed to cover a wide range of subject matter, so as to gather as much information as possible in layman’s language about the cognitive process in relation to creativity and interaction with art.
Authors: Capurso, V., Fabbro, F., & Crescentini, C.
A new research line investigates the effects of mindfulness-meditation (MM) on creativity. In the first of these studies, creative thinking was compared with logic thinking, examining insight and non-insight problem solving, in individuals with different levels of dispositional mindfulness or undergoing brief MM trainings and a specific positive influence of MM on insight problem-solving was found.
Authors: Lorenza S. Colzato, Ayca Ozturk and Bernhard Hommel
The practice of meditation has seen a tremendous increase in the western world since the 60s. Scientific interest in meditation has also significantly grown in the past years; however, so far, it has neglected the idea that different type of meditations may drive specific cognitive-control states. In this study we investigate the possible impact of meditation based on focused-attention (FA) and meditation based on open-monitoring (OM) on creativity tasks tapping into convergent and divergent thinking. We show that FA meditation and OM meditation exert specific effect on creativity.
Author: Teresa M. Amabile
People will be most creative when they feel motivated primarily by the interest, enjoyment, satisfaction, and challenge of the work itself – when they are driven by a deep involvement in their work and a passion for it. This note describes the ways in which creativity can be stimulated by this intrinsic motivation, and by certain forms of extrinsic motivation, such as rewards that signal competence or support future achievement. Managerial implications are discussed.
Author: Elisabeta Butoi
Enhancing creativity within each organization member involves understanding of what creativity is, how it relates to physical, psychological and social influences and to understand how creativity happens. Creativity has its stages and factors required to release the innovative idea. As every innovation process starts with an idea, understanding what influences the mind and how the idea appears is crucial for individual and organizational performance.
Author: Thomas H. Davenport
One factor that affects knowledge worker performance that isn’t well understood is the physical work environment—the offices, cubicles, buildings, and mobile workplaces in which knowledge workers do their jobs. There is a good deal said about this topic, but not much known about it. Even more unfortunately, most decisions about the knowledge work environment are made without seriously considering their implications for performance.
Author: Molly Elizabeth Bryant
With the increase of design thinking strategies and the addition of “innovation teams” within businesses, the demand for the physical workspace to enhance these strategies and structures is growing. Knowledge workers, also known as “the creative class” by Richard Florida, “are the source of original and potentially useful ideas and solutions for a firm’s renewal of products, services, and processes”.
Author: Yuri Martens
The physical workplace can be of value for facilitating creativity. This paper reports on research conducted on the aspects that determine creativity and a case study which investigated the relations between creativity, creative work and creative work environment with a creative organization.
Autors: Elena Karpova, Sara B. Marcketti, Jessica Barker
The purpose of this research was to assess effectiveness of creativity training by measuring student creative thinking before and after implementation of creativity exercises. The exercises were a systematic approach designed to help students experience and practice non-traditional ways of thinking to identify opportunities, to create, to evaluate, and to promote their ideas.
Authors: Paul T. Sowden and Leah Dawson
Research has found mixed effects of mood on creative problem solving. Here we examined the effects of mood on two components of creative problem solving; ideation and evaluation. After induction of positive, negative or neutral mood participants completed ideation and evaluation tasks. Results showed that a positive mood facilitates ideation whereas a negative mood facilitated evaluation.
Authors: Simone M. Ritter, Nel Mostert
Creative thinking skills can be considered one of the key competencies for the twenty-first century—they allow us to remain flexible and provide us with the capacity to deal with the opportunities and challenges that are part of our complex and fast-changing world.